Halal & Toyyib Melalui ABI TREE (Aquaponic Of Biofloc Nutrient System)

Indonesia adalah Negara dengan berbagai macam agama yang mayoritas masyarakatnya menganut agama Islam. Produk makanan yang kita jumpai di pasar modern maupun pasar tradisional memiliki begitu banyak variasi dan inovasinya termasuk proses produksi, pengemasan, dan pemasarannya. Trend masyarakat Indonesia saat ini lebih mengdepankan makanan yang halal, karena masyarakat lebih banyak memilih makanan yang baik untuk kesehatan dan aman untuk dikomsumsi meskipun harus mengeluarkan biaya yang lebih mahal.

Pada kesempatan ini, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Darussalam Gontor memberikan peluang kepada para mahasiswanya untuk mampu bersaing dengan menuangkan beberapa ide yang dimiliki melalui pemberian dana hibah untuk merealisasikan ide tersebut melalui Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa (PKM). Kegiatan ini meliputi PKM-Kewirausahaan (PKM-K), PKM Penelitian (PKM-P), PKM-Penerapan Teknologi (PKM-T), PKM-Pengabdian Masyarakat (PKM-M), PKM-Karsa Cipta (PKM-KC), PKM-Artikel Ilmiah (PKM-AI), dan PKM-Gagasan Tertulis (PKM-GT).

Tim PKM Internal Program Studi Agroteknologi Universitas Darussalam Gontor yang terdiri dari Muhamad Malik (ketua), Arif Ariwibowo (anggota), Syahrul Mubarok (anggota) dan Vonda Bimantara (anggota) berhasil lolos pendanaan dengan hibah sebesar Rp 6,5 juta melalui program PKM-K“HALAL & TOYYIB-FIVE MELALUI ABI TREE (Aquaponic of Biofloc Nutrient System)” yang memiliki tujuan untuk menghasilkan ikan dan sayuran segar, halal, dan toyyib melalui integrasi antara kedua budidaya tersebut atau yang biasa disebut Aquaponic. Aquaponik adalah sistem budidaya lele secara bioflok, yang mana air kolam bioflok dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan nutrisi bagi sayuran sehingga tidak ada yang terbuang (zero waste). Dengan diadakannya program PKM-K (Kewirausahaan) ini, diharapkan mahasiswa memiliki jiwa entrepreneurship sebagai salah satu modal mental mereka dalam kegiatan berwirausaha.

Produk keluaran pkm ini berupa bahan mentah yang akan langsung dikirimkan ke mitra kami yang terdiri mitra dapur umum dan dapur keluarga yang dimiliki setiap dosen yang tinggal didlam kampus. Selain produk ikan ada lagi produksi sayuran yang segar,sehat karena di proses melalui taapan yng alami hanya mengandal air kolam ikan sebagai nutrisi untuk tanaman. Harapan dalam proses budiadaya ikan dan sayuran dalam satu tempat supaya orang-orang bisa dapat bertani sekaligus berbudidaya ikan sehingga dapat menghasilkan nilai provit yang tinggi dan pastinya keuntungsn yang didapat lebih besar.

Biofloc adalah sistem budidaya ikan dengan memanfaatkan bakteri atau mikroba sebagai pengganti pakan ikan yang ada di dalam kolam. Pemanfaatan biofloc ini dapat mengkonversi kotoran ikan itu sendiri untuk dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pakan ikan, sehingga para pembudidaya dapat sedikitnya menghemat biaya untuk pakan ikan. Beberapa faktor yang harus disiapkan yaitu kolam, air, ikan lele, dan aerasi. Tujuan pemberian aerasi dalam kolam adalah untuk memberikan oksigen pada ikan dengan menerapkan padat tebar tinggi (500-1.000 ekor/m3). Biasanya para pembudidaya ikan lele untuk membuat kolam ini bermacam-macam ukuran dengan diameter kolam 2-3 meter. Kolam bundar dengan besar diameter 2 dilakukan 500-1.500 ekor ikan lele, sedangkan untuk kolam bundar dengan diameter 3 dapat 1.000-2.500 ekor ikan lele.

Pengolahan ikan lele dengan sistem biofloc ini yang paling mempengaruhi adalah kualitas dari air dalam kolam dengan beberapa faktor, antara lain warna air, nilai pH, dan suhu air. Warna air tersebut terdiri dari hijau, coklat, dan merah yang mana hal tersebut digunakan untuk dapat menganalisa nafsu makan dari ikan tersebut. Warna hijau mengisyaratkan bahwa air tersebut telah mengandung plankton. Warna coklat dilihat dari kualitas air yang tergolong baik dan masih terdapat bakteri didalamnya. Warna air merah bahwa bakteri di dalam kolam mendukung untuk membantu pertumbuhan ikan lele tersebut. Selain dilihat dari warna air, nilai pH juga penting dalam menjaga kualitas air,nilai butuhkan sebesar 6,5-7,5 yang dapat diukur dengan kertas lakmus. Suhu air yang ada di dalam kolam sebesar 20-30 C. Apabila tidak mencapai beberapa faktor tersebut, maka yang akan terjadi adalah biofloc dalam kolam tidak terbentuk dan ikan yang terdapat didalamnya akan mati sehingga akan merugikan bagi para pembudidaya tersebut.

Artikel Terkait : Tim PKM Agroteknologi UNIDA GONTOR kembangkan konsep ABITREE

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